Norwegian University of Science and Technology
For description of the materials that are both the object and means of manipulating the environment, see elastomers; industrial ceramics; industrial glass; metallurgy; mineral deposit; mineral processing; mining; plastic. For the generation of energy, see energy conversion; coal mining; coal utilization; petroleum production; petroleum refining. For the techniques of construction technology, see bridge; building construction; canals and inland waterways; dam; harbours and sea works; lighthouse; roads and highways; tunnels and underground excavations; environmental works. For the manufacture and design of the means of transportation, see aerospace industry; automotive industry; ship construction.
- Innovations continued through the Middle Ages with the introduction of silk production , the horse collar, and horseshoes.
- Artificial intelligence technology’s impact on society is widely debated.
- Each student should be able to develop good UI & UX design to support IS Development.
- At the same time, this new technology replaced other medical devices and could thereby create savings, at least in theory.
- Human life is full of problems that need solving, and technology provides innovative solutions to those problems that reduce effort and increase efficiency.
The advantages of copper tools over stone, bone and wooden tools were quickly apparent to early humans, and native copper was probably used from near the beginning of Neolithic times . Eventually, the working of metals led to the discovery of alloys such as bronze and brass . The first use of iron alloys such as steel dates to around 1,800 BCE.
The first two-wheeled carts were derived from travois and were first used in Mesopotamia and Iran in around 3,000 BCE. The earliest known use of wind power is the sailing ship; the earliest record of a ship under sail is that of a Nile boat dating to around 7,000 BCE. From prehistoric times, Egyptians likely used the power of the annual flooding of the Nile to irrigate their lands, gradually learning to regulate much of it through purposely built irrigation channels and “catch” basins. The ancient Sumerians in Mesopotamia used a complex system of canals and levees to divert water from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers for irrigation.
The discovery and utilization of fire, a simple energy source with many profound uses, was a turning point in the technological evolution of humankind. Herbert Marcuse and John Zerzan suggest that technological society will inevitably deprive us of our freedom and psychological health. Technologies have contributed to human welfare through increased prosperity, improved comfort and quality of life, and medical progress, but they can also disrupt existing social hierarchies, cause pollution, and harm individuals or groups. Continuing improvements led to the furnace and bellows and provided, for the first time, the ability to smelt and forge gold, copper, silver, and lead – native metals found in relatively pure form in nature.
Technology: Identification Exercise
Technology’s central role in our lives has drawn concerns and backlash. The backlash against technology is not a uniform movement and encompasses many heterogeneous ideologies. Major figures of techno-utopianism include Ray Kurzweil and Nick Bostrom. Techno-utopianism has attracted both praise and criticism by progressive, religious, and conservative thinkers. A bathtub virtually identical to modern ones was unearthed at the Palace of Knossos. Several Minoan private homes also had toilets, which could be flushed by pouring water down the drain.
Charging Forward in the Race to Design Stronger, Safer Batteries
Evidence was found, however, to suggest that full adopters of the technology had more profitable farms than partial adopters. However, unlike technology improvements, optimal tariffs will hurt the poor region. Issues of independence and transparency may be more complicated for private payer technology coverage decisions.
Communications technology is the application of scientific knowledge to communicate. This includes everything from telegrams to landlines to cell phones. The internet is considered a communications technology, because it is a system that communicates information in infinite ways.