National Institute of Standards and Technology
In this sense, scientists and engineers may both be considered technologists; the three fields are often considered as one for the purposes of research and reference. Technology can be most broadly defined as the entities, both material and immaterial, created by the application of mental and physical effort in order to achieve some value. In this usage, technology refers to tools and machines that may be used to solve real-world problems. It is a far-reaching term that may include simple tools, such as a crowbar or wooden spoon, or more complex machines, such as a space station or particle accelerator. Tools and machines need not be material; virtual technology, such as computer software and business methods, fall under this definition of technology.
- It might sound like something from a sci-fi show, or something that has to run on electricity.
- Gao compared Fabric Systems to Nvidia, a technology company that created the first graphics processing units, which laid the groundwork for later advances in rendering graphics and video on computers.
- The use of scientific knowledge to solve practical problems, especially in industry and commerce.
- Conspiracy theories spread quickly early on in the pandemic, and social media received a lot of the blame.
The use of basic technology is also a feature of other species apart from humans. These include primates such as chimpanzees, some dolphin communities, and crows. Taken to extreme, some argue that technicism is the belief that humanity will ultimately be able to control the entirety of existence using technology.
’99 helped design and build the original backbone of the internet. Stevens’ Immersion Lab displays complex data on large-format monitors. Members of the 16 Greek-Letter organizations at Stevens form life-long networks of brothers or sisters, and strive to live up to their common values and the university’s principles to community, leadership and scholarship.
Man’s technological ascent began in earnest in what is known as the Neolithic period (“New stone age”). The invention of polished stone axes was a major advance because it allowed forest clearance on a large scale to create farms. Additionally, children could contribute labor to the raising of crops more readily than they could to the hunter-gatherer lifestyle. To make a stone tool, a “core” of hard stone with specific flaking properties was struck with a hammerstone.
Relevant research centers include the Cambridge Center for the Study of Existential Risk, and the Stanford Existential Risk Initiative. He invites policymakers to question the assumptions that technological progress is always beneficial, that scientific openness is always preferable, or that they can afford to wait until a dangerous technology has been invented before they prepare mitigations. Bioethics looks at ethical issues surrounding biotechnologies and modern medicine, including cloning, human genetic engineering, and stem cell research. Computer ethics focuses on issues related to computing, including artificial intelligence and robotics. Cyberethics explores internet-related issues like intellectual property rights, privacy, and censorship. Nanoethics examines issues surrounding the alteration of matter at the atomic and molecular level in various disciplines including computer science, engineering, and biology.
So, basically, whenever we use our scientific knowledge to achieve some specific purpose, we’re using technology. Technology usually involves a specific piece of equipment, but that equipment can be incredibly simple or dazzlingly complex. It can be anything from the discovery of the wheel, all the way up to computers and MP3 players. The word “technology” can also be used to refer to a collection of techniques. In this context, it is the current state of humanity’s knowledge of how to combine resources to produce desired products, to solve problems, fulfill needs, or satisfy wants; it includes technical methods, skills, processes, techniques, tools and raw materials.
It did not take long to discover that wheeled wagons could be used to carry heavy loads. The ancient Sumerians used a potter’s wheel and may have invented it. A stone pottery wheel found in the city-state of Ur dates to around 3,429 BCE, and even older fragments of wheel-thrown pottery have been found in the same area. Fast potters’ wheels enabled early mass production of pottery, but it was the use of the wheel as a transformer of energy that revolutionized the application of nonhuman power sources.