Technology Types & Uses What is Technology? Video & Lesson Transcript
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- The use of scientific knowledge to solve practical problems, especially in industry and commerce.
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- Social constructivists argue that technologies follow no natural progression, and are shaped by cultural values, laws, politics, and economic incentives.
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The discovery of fire was described by Charles Darwin as “possibly the greatest ever made by man.” Archeological, dietary, and social evidence point to “continuous fire-use” at least 1.5 Mya. Fire, fueled with wood and charcoal, allowed early humans to cook their food to increase its digestibility, improving its nutrient value and broadening the number of foods that could be eaten. The cooking hypothesis proposes that the ability to cook promoted an increase in hominid brain size, though some researchers find the evidence inconclusive. Archeological evidence of hearths was dated to 790 kya; researchers believe this is likely to have intensified human socialization and may have contributed to the emergence of language. At AUT we know that an influential lecturer or a memorable educational experience can open up new possibilities.
On the somewhat pessimistic side are certain philosophers like the Herbert Marcuse and John Zerzan, who believe that technological societies are inherently flawed a priori. They suggest that the result of such a society is to become evermore technological at the cost of freedom and psychological health . According to archaeologists, the wheel was invented around 4000 B.C.E. The wheel was likely independently invented in Mesopotamia (in present-day Iraq) as well. There is also evidence from the same period of time that wheels were used for the production of pottery. Most of the women were casual workers working, typically, with low capital investment in tools and technology. I think there are encouraging developments in technology that are permitting developed countries to ‘do more with less’, and increasing incentives to do so.
The third dimension in tissue culture
Today and throughout history, technology influences and is influenced by such societal issues/factors as economics, values, ethics, institutions, groups, the environment, government, among others. The discipline studying the impacts of science, technology, and society and vice versa is called Science and technology in society. While technology contributes to economic development and human prosperity, it can also have negative impacts like pollution or resource depletion, or cause social harms like technological unemployment caused by automation.
The development of technology may draw upon many fields of knowledge, including scientific, engineering, mathematical, linguistic, and historical knowledge, to achieve some practical result. Nowadays, the advancement of technologies, coupled with software-based services, has made the possibility of human-environment engagement and interaction more seamless. Since humans have different conditions and different ways to engage and interact with their immediate surroundings, various aspects from sensing technology to computer processing techniques are required for a smart environment. Technology is the use of scientific knowledge for practical purposes or applications, whether in industry or in our everyday lives. It includes everything from the wheel to computers to medicines to zippers and buttons on clothes.
The earliest methods of stone tool making, known as the Oldowan “industry,” date back to at least 2.3 million years ago, with the earliest direct evidence of tool usage found in Ethiopia within the Great Rift Valley, dating back to 2.5 million years ago. This era of stone tool use is called the Paleolithic, or “Old stone age,” and spans all of human history up to the development of agriculture approximately 12,000 years ago. In 2005, futurist Ray Kurzweil claimed the next technological revolution would rest upon advances in genetics, nanotechnology, and robotics, with robotics being the most impactful of the three. Genetic engineering will allow far greater control over human biological nature through a process called directed evolution.
Learn more about the Art Harper Saturday Academy, a multi-year program designed to inspire and prepare local high school students to pursue post-secondary education and careers in STEM-related fields. Whether you’re an elementary, junior or high school student, post-secondary pro or seasoned professional, we have programs, courses and services to help you discover interests, develop new skills and reach your career goals. In some milieus and contexts, the word “technology” is understood to be limited to digital communications technology, e.g. “technology companies were overvalued during the dotcom bubble.” The Department of Biosystems Engineering focuses on the application of technology for the production of agricultural materials and products as well as natural labor in the environment and agricultural production systems and agricultural production processes.
When combined with another term, such as “medical technology” or “space technology,” it refers to the state of the respective field’s knowledge and tools. “State-of-the-art technology” refers to the high technology available to humanity in any field. Technology has affected society and its surroundings in a number of ways. In many societies, technology has helped develop more advanced economies (including today’s global economy) and has allowed the rise of a leisure class.
October 9, 2022 • Ye, the rapper and fashion designer formerly known as Kanye West, had recently accused hip hop mogul Diddy of being under the influence of “the Jewish people.” October 10, 2022 • Everything from your vocal cord vibrations to breathing patterns when you speak offers potential information about your health. October 14, 2022 • The electric racing car, built by 20 University of Stuttgart students known as the GreenTeam, can go from 0 to about 62 miles per hour in just 1.461 seconds. October 14, 2022 • The Los Angeles County district attorney alleges that the CEO of Konnech, which makes scheduling software for poll workers, improperly gave Chinese contractors access to sensitive employee data. In this regard, new approaches to technology generation allow research outcomes to be customized to the heterogeneity of poverty.
The term was previously uncommon in English and mostly referred to the academic discipline, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. It is predated in use by the Ancient Greek τέχνη, used to mean ‘knowledge of how to make things’, which encompassed activities like architecture.